Ethnic Origin: Mixed Race:

I am mixed race which means a person whose parents are of two or more different races or ethnic backgrounds is specifically mixed heritage – which originally refers to locally born people with foreign ancestry.

Thereat I don’t need anyone’s acceptance to either group of black or white, nor confused since its been already formed by miscegenation unions within my family genealogy (which historically occurred not through slavery by itself, but via being land-owners), the mixis being mainly European for me (spanish, celtic, german, french, italian and english) and the ingenious Indian native tribes (from central American) and the Igbo tribe (from Nigeria, West Africa) that migrated to Jamaica; regarding my personal identity and cultural heritage, that I embody, embrace and represent also directly from my parents which is:

White (father – Irish/East German) from London, England
Black Caribbean (mother – English) from Watchwell,
St. Elizabeth Parish, Jamaica



Eastern Germans normally have dark hair and almond-shaped eyes, as during the 16th Century, a group of Mongols (known as the Tatars) used to ride through there, throw parties and have ‘relations’ with the German natives.

As a result, they created a string of mixed ‘Asian’ (mongoloid)/white individuals and the characteristic dark hair and smaller eyes was passed on. My father is German and has these traits.

Many Germans also have smaller eyes, and this is likely to be due to the influence of the Hunnic Empire and again, racial mixing. Germans do tend to be tall too.


And by my Jamaican ancestry on my mother’s side, the location of St. Elizabeth is known as the place of the “Red Skin people” and I’ve always been curious as to why it was called this, as its a term that was said but without knowing why, until now.

From my family tree on the maternal side, my grandmother spoke fluent Spanish, but wanted all her children to speak English, and my mother told me that her family descended from the Native Indian’s in Jamaica. And neither no-one on the maternal side, stated that they were any slaves, so I gathered that if there was any Africans they’d have to have been free people at some point, because my grandmother said that her family had always owned land, and only free people during that time could who were descended from Native Indians as payment for quelling any rebellion.

So what I have found out is that we, as a family, were always a mixed race people from West Africa being from Nigeria to the West Coast of Jamaica being from St. Elizabeth; as to be known as the “Red Eboe” or as “Red Skin people”. For in my research this is what I found out:

“Igbo people in Jamaica were citizens of the Caribbean island-nation of Jamaica that were a whole or a significant part descended from the Igbo people of what is now Nigeria.

The Igbo constituted a large portion of the African population of the island in the era of the slave trade; through the banning of African traditions by European plantation owners, many on the island have lost their African identities with their ancestors adopting a creole identity.

Igbo people were also distinguished by the ‘yellowish’ skin tones which was observed that a lot of them had which prompted the word ‘red eboe’ to be used to describe people with light skin tones and African features. Igbo people were hardly reported to have been maroons.


A modern day Igbo bride in Nigeria, Africa.

As to their spirituality ‘Obeah’ refers to folk magic and sorcery that was derived from West African sources. The W. E. B. Du Bois Institute database supports obeah being traced to the dibia or obia (Igbo: doctoring) traditions of the Igbo people. Specialists in Obia (also spelled Obea) were known as Ndi Obia (Igbo: Obia people) and practiced the same activities as the obeah men and women of the Caribbean like predicting the future and manufacturing charms. In Jamaican mythology, ‘River Mumma’, a mermaid, is linked to Oya of the Yoruba and Uhamiri/Idemili of the Igbo.

In a publication of a 1791 issue of Massachusetts Magazine, an anti-slavery poem was published called ‘Monimba’ which depicted a fictional pregnant Igbo slave that committed suicide on a slave ship destined for Jamaica. The poem illustrates the stereotype of Igbo slaves in the Americas, as this was wrong, as to be a distorted representation which was far from the reality.

Because most of the time Igbo slaves resorted to resistance rather than revolt and had maintained “unwritten rules of the plantation” of which plantation owners were forced to abide by. And to have dominated the dominator is a feat of ancestry to be proud of here for the Igbo people. And goes to show that the ‘Red-Skin people’ being Igbo in origin never had a ‘slave-mentality’ to allow their circumstances to hinder their survival and progress. As Igbo influence in Jamaica is apparent in the introduction of Obeah folk magic of Igbo origin; there have been accounts of ‘Eboe’ slaves being ‘obeahed’ by each other.”

And guess what church I go to in Lambeth, London: St. John the Divine Kennington, dedicated to the Apostle who wrote the ‘Book of Revelation’ in the Holy Bible, as a prophecy.


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